Richmond Castle in Yorkshire was the ‘prison’ where conscientious objectors in WWI were sent and where they left their mark. They included Quakers, Methodists who wrote hymns on the wall, Socialists who added the words and music of The Red Flag, and a lace maker who contributed a delicate pattern for a flowery border. There are drawings of mothers, girlfriends and familiar landscapes their creators must have wondered whether they would ever see again. Well now English Heritage is doing everything it can to preserve and record these protests for generations to come.
Pacifism – The view that war is morally unacceptable and never justified (such as a conscientious objector). The term is sometimes applied to the belief that international disputes should be settled peacefully.