Just as we’ve been learning in class about an international organisation called the UN which has the main aim of peace, there is another international organisation called Nato which takes action on the world stage too, though not always with quite the same strategy as the UN.
Let’s find out more. Nato stands for the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and is an international organisation which brings together the armies of various countries, including Britain and the United States. It was formed in 1949, after the end of the Second World War.
There are 26 member countries, is your country part of it:
Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom, and the United States of America?
The aim of Nato is to ensure that its member countries don’t fight each other, and that instead they use their forces to work together for world peace. So in some ways it’s similar to the UN. It has been used increasingly in situations where the world has decided urgent military action is needed. Nato member countries agree that if any one country is attacked, the other countries will come to help them. It’s hoped this will stop military attacks on any Nato country. Nato countries also join together for international peacekeeping operations, such as in Bosnia and Kosovo. Whereas the UN’s headquarters are in New York (USA) the headquarters of Nato can be found in Brussels (Belgium).
In the last week Nato’s been in the news. Today it condemned Russian attacks on Syrian opposition and the Russian planes flying into Turkey’s airspace. The Russians had said they were going to attack ISIS but it appears like they’ve been attacking President Assad’s opposition instead, according to US and Turkish reports.